Everyone goes through some grief, sadness in stressful situations but some may end up into depression. Some common signs and symptoms of depression are no interest in anything, unusual crying, lack of energy, loss of sleep and many other. Click here, To know whether you are going through depression.
Depression affects everyone differently and at different stages of time. One can face a situation very maturely and happily while others can get depressed by the same situation. Symptoms may also differ from person to person.
There are many types of depression. While they share some common symptoms, they also have some key differences. Depression can range in seriousness from mild, temporary episodes of sadness to severe, persistent depression that seems as if it will never end.
1. Major Depression
Major depression is the most common type of depression. According to National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), about 7% of the U.S. population get affected by this at any given time.
You may feel almost all the symptoms of depression in severity such as Loss of interest or pleasure in most or all normal activities, Not going out anymore, Unexplained weeping at small matters, frequent suicidal thoughts, Sleep disturbances, Feelings of worthlessness or guilt, physical pain
For an official diagnosis, your symptoms must last for more than two weeks.
2. Dysthymia Depression
It is also a common type of depression but people are not aware of this. Around 2% U.S. population get affceted by this. This one is less severe than major depression. A person with milder depression for more than two years is suffering from dysthymia. People can function adequately, but not optimally. Symptoms include sadness, trouble concentrating, fatigue, and changes in sleep habits and appetite. People with dysthymia may also be at risk for episodes of major or clinical depression.
3. Postpartum Depression
Who doesn’t love having a baby. But postpartum depression occurs after when a lady give birth to her baby. 16 % of women suffer from postpartum depression. Also known as perinatal depression.
Postpartum depression is characterised by feelings of extreme sadness, anxiety, anger, fatique, loneliness, suicidal thoughts, thoughts about hurting the baby, difficulty caring new baby, and feelings of disconnect from the child.
Women who lack support or have had depression before are at increased risk of developing perinatal depression, but it can happen to anyone.
Around 4 to 6 percent of people in the United States estimated to have a depression type called seasonal affective disorder, or SAD during certain season especially winter. This starts in fall and lifts in the spring.
They include social withdrawal, increased sleep, weight gain, sadness. This can be treated by artificial light.
5. Psychotic Depression
Psychosis — a mental state characterized by disorganized thinking or behavior; false beliefs, known as delusions; or false sights or sounds, known as hallucinations — doesn’t typically get associated with depression. But according to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, about 20 percent of people with depression have episodes so severe that they develop psychotic symptoms.
6. Bipolar Disorder
Maniac or bipolar disorder consists of periods of extreme lows and extreme highs. Low periods are called as depressive episodes. This episodes include lack of energy, fatigue, sleep problems, decreased activity, suicidal thoughts. Symptoms of mania include high energy, excitement, racing thoughts, and poor judgment. In severe cases, episodes can include hallucinations and delusions.
7. Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder, PMDD, is depression that affects women during the second half of their menstrual cycle. Symptoms include depression, anxiety, and mood swings. This is more severe than PMS.
Other possible symptom of PMDD are headache, cramps, irritability, anger, lack of energy, sleep problem, mood swings, body pain.
8. Situational Depression
Sometimes stressful situation comes in life that can trigger you into depression known as situational depression such as a job loss, the death of a loved one, trauma, a bad breakup, legal troubles, financial issues.
Situational depression symptoms tend to start within three months of the initial event and include excessive sadness, worry, or nervousness.
Any type of depression whether it is serious or mild can be treated by love, time and support. Always support your family, friends and loved ones. Always be there for them.