Some diseases are more prominent in a certain season than others. Flu is more common in winter, dengue and malaria in monsoon, and diarrhoea, headache in summers. Summer is already arrived and so is the threat of developing summer diseases. Summer diseases include a headache, skin rashes, sunburn to severe ones like measles, jaundice, and more. The months of May and June are usually the hottest in India, hence most of the summer diseases occur in this two months.
Here are the some of the most common summer diseases.
Sunburn refers to the burn caused to the skin due to overexposure to ultraviolet radiation. Exposure to the sun for the longer span is not healthy for people. People who have lower levels of melanin production are prone to skin cancer. The skin might turn red, dry, itchy and cracky. If the skin burns too much, then blisters might develop on the skin and peeling of dried/dead skin at a later stage may happen.
The best method to prevent sunburns is by applying sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher and taking preventive measures to keep the moisture of skin intact. Avoid sun in the midday(12-3 p.m.). Wear loose and covered clothes. Cover your head with the hat.
Aloe vera can also help in soothing the sun burn.
Heat stroke is a serious condition. If untreated, it may prove fatal. If you encounter a headache, vomiting, cramps, weakness, drying of skin, rapid heart rate, high body temperature or shallow breathing, it’s pretty possible you’re experiencing a heat stroke. Drink adequate liquids. Additionally, staying in cooler areas helps avoid heat stroke conditions.
During summers, Prickly heat rash is a common skin problem amid children and adults. This typically results when a person sweats too much. The sweat collects in the clothes and constant rubbing or wearing the sweat-laden clothes for a long period causes itchiness and further leads to the rash. Skin reddening, dryness, irritation are the visible signs of skin rash. Rashes are one of the common summer diseases. Apply talcum powder to avoid sweat accumulation in folds of skin and also try to clean these areas frequently.
Excessive heat in summer can spoil the food quickly. To prevent the risk of food poisoning, put the leftover food in the refrigerator. Food must be well-cooked to ensure that it doesn’t get spoiled. When purchasing raw vegetables and fruits, ensure that the packaging doesn’t have bubbles on the top of the fruits or vegetables as that is a sign of spoilage. Also, make sure that the food doesn’t smell bad before purchasing and eating.
As food gets spoilt quickly, diarrhoea is common in summer. Eating contaminated food and unsafe drinking habits can lead to diarrhoea. To keep away from diarrhoea, make sure that you drink water only after boiling it and wash vegetables thoroughly before and after slicing them. Some people suffer from diarrhoea frequently in any season. Know the reason behind that.
Jaundice is a common water-borne disease. It is mainly caused due to the consumption of contaminated food and water. It affects the functionality of the liver leading to overproduction of bile. The visible indications are yellow discolouration of the skin, mucous membranes and the whites of the eyes, dark-coloured urine, light-coloured stools and itchy skin.
Eat clean and healthy food. Stay stress-free. Avoid any intake of alcohol as this will put more stress on the liver.
Lyme disease can affect the skin, joints, heart, and the nervous system and spread by bites from ticks infected by the bacteria. Symptoms are reddish rash with flu-like symptoms. To know more about Lyme disease click here.
It spreads when the Salmonella typhi bacteria pass through the oral-faecal route. Symptoms of typhoid are the weakness, loss of appetite, fatigue, pain in the abdomen, low-grade continuous fever.
Heat is the one of the common cause of a headache. An unfortunate result of summer activities that involve spending a lot of time in the hot sun can be a bad headache. Generally, Headache sufferers report the summer to be the worst time of year for headaches. As the temperature progresses up, so does your risk of growing a headache. Dehydration and vigorous exercise in hot weather can also lead to headaches. Always keep water with you and make habit of drinking water in every few minutes.
Summer is a beautiful time to enjoy vacations and spend time with family, friends, making memories only if you are healthy. All that you need to do to stay fit is the little awareness and few precautions to enjoy the good times and prevent yourself from these summer diseases.