Constipation is generally characterized as having fewer than three bowel movements a week. Though occasional constipation is very obvious, some experiences chronic constipation that can intervene with their ability to go about their daily life.
Constipation generally occurs because a lot of water is absorbed from food at the time of digestion. The slower the food goes through the digestive tract, the more water the colon will absorb from it. Consequently, the feces become dry and hard, constipation occurs.
What are the symptoms of constipation?
The main symptoms of constipation are increased difficulty and distress when passing stools.
- Passing fewer than three stools per week
- Straining to have bowel movements
- Sensation as though you can’t completely empty the stool from your rectum
- Having lumpy or hard stools
- Lower abdominal discomfort
- stomach ache
- losing appetite
What are the causes of constipation?
Constipation occurs when the colon absorbs too much water. This can happen if the muscles in the colon are contracting slowly, causing the stool to move too slowly and expend more water.
Lack of fiber in the diet.
It is important to consume foods rich in fiber such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. People who consume good fiber are less likely to suffer from constipation.
Here is the list of food that causes constipation.
Lack of physical activity.
If you have a sitting job or not active physically, you may suffer from constipation. For individuals who have been bedridden for a long spun, possibly for several days or weeks, their risk of having constipation is significantly raised.
Excess of some medicines may cause constipation
- calcium channel blocking drugs
Many health conditions may cause constipation.
- Parkinson’s disease
- Spinal cord injury
- Hirschsprung disease
What are the complications of constipation?
Complications of chronic constipation include:
- Hemorrhoids. Straining to have a bowel movement may cause swelling in the veins in and around your anus.
- Anal Fissure. A large or hard stool may cause tiny tears in the anus.
- Rectal Prolapse. Trying to have a bowel movement can cause a small amount of the rectum to stretch and extrude from the anus.
What are the prevention’s of constipation?
The following can help you avoid developing chronic constipation or getting relief in constipation.
- Include plenty of high-fiber foods in your diet. Here is the list of food that helps in constipation.
- Drink plenty of fluids.
- Stay as active as possible and try to do regular exercise.
- Try to manage stress.
- Don’t neglect the urge to pass stool.
- Try to plan a regular schedule for bowel movements, chiefly after a meal.