Anxiety is your body’s response to stresses or to stimuli that you are sensitive to. Anxiety is fear or worry that does not go away and can get worse over time. You may face anxiety before new job interview, new meeting, before exam or giving a speech. Symptoms of general anxiety disorder may include increased heart rate, rapid breathing, restlessness, difficulty falling asleep.
But if your feelings of anxiety get worse and are interfering with your life, you may have an anxiety disorder. With treatment, many people can manage those feelings and get back to a fulfilling life.
Types of anxiety disorders
Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Feeling anxious in stressful condition is normal. But, If you feel anxious and worried most of the time, not just in specific stressful situations, and these worries are severe, long standing and interfere with their normal lives. Your worries can be related to anything such as work, health, relation, family and/or financial issues. If even minor things such as household chores or being late for an appointment can give you anxiety, then you may be suffering from GAD.
People with GAD seems unable to relax. They often have trouble falling or staying asleep.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder results in recurring (obsessive), unwanted thoughts which interfere with everyday living. For example, if you have OCD, you may leave your house worried that you left the stove on or unlocked. Even after returning to your house, you will still not be convinced that your stove is in fact off.
Issues that commonly faced by people with obsessive compulsive disorder, OCD, are Cleanliness or order freak, repeatedly counting the items, safety issues.
People with panic disorder have feelings of danger that strike suddenly and repeatedly without warning. They can not predict when an attack will occur and worry when and where the next will strike.
When a panic attack occur, a sufferer may feel weak, faintness and dizzy with numbness of the limbs. They may face chest pain or loss of control that make them losing their mind, or they are on the verge of death. Panic disorder is often accompanied by other conditions such as depression or alcoholism.
In some cases, your fear may turn out of proportion to the perceived danger, making your reaction to that danger overwhelming and irrational. When this is the case, you likely have a phobia. Phobias can be different types.
People may even have phobia of butterfly, mirror and holes.
Social Anxiety Disorder
Social Anxiety Disorder may leave you unable to leave your house for fear of being judged by others. It is the fear of becoming humiliated in social situations; in other words, of embarrassing yourself in front of others. Not only is it difficult for people with a social phobia to maintain friendships, but it may also be hard to hold down a job, go grocery shopping, or even collect mail from the mailbox. It often runs in families and may be accompanied by depression or alcoholism.
Normal shyness isn’t social anxiety disorder.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder can develop after you have experienced something out of the ordinary that has “shocked” your world example sudden accident, robbery, earthquake, terrorist attack. You may relive this event in the form of daydreams or nightmares, and you may be unable to conduct normal affairs due to the bouts of anger and depression that are often symptoms of PTSD.
The traumatic experience that triggers PTSD may be prompted by a variety of events, such as serving in the military or being the victim of rape or childhood abuse.