As men and women body behave differently in some aspect. They have different hormones like men have more testosterone while women have progesterone, estrogen. Their reproductive life is totally different from each other.
The leading causes of death i.e. heart disease and cancer are the same in women and men.
Women’s risk for many diseases increases at menopause, which occurs at an age of 50- 55 years. In the industrialized world, women spend one-third of their lives in the postmenopausal period. Estrogen levels fall abruptly at menopause, inducing a variety of physiologic and metabolic responses. Rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) increase and bone density begins to decrease rapidly after menopause.
Diseases that strike women more than men
Alzheimer’s disease affects approximately twice as many women as men. Women with Alzheimer have lower endogenous estrogen levels than do women without Alzheimer. Several observational studies have suggested that postmenopausal hormone therapy may decrease the risk of Alzheimer.
Women are more sensitive to insulin than men are. Polycystic ovary syndrome and gestational DM are common conditions in Women. Premenopausal women are associated with a significantly increased risk for type 2 DM.
After age 60, hypertension is more common in women than in men, largely because of the high prevalence of hypertension in older age groups and the longer survival of women.
Most autoimmune disorders occur more common in women than in men; they include autoimmune thyroid and liver diseases, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), scleroderma, multiple sclerosis (MS), and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.
Women are more susceptible to HIV infection than are men. This increased susceptibility is accounted for in part by an increased prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases in women. Progesterone has been shown to increase susceptibility
to infection in nonhuman primate models of HIV. Women with HIV have more rapid decreases in their CD4 cell counts than do men.
The prevalence of both obesity and abdominal obesity is higher in women than in men. There are major sex differences in body fat distribution. Women characteristically have gluteal and femoral or glenoid pattern of fat distribution, whereas men typically have a central or android pattern. Women have more subcutaneous fat than men. In women, endogenous androgen levels are positively associated with abdominal obesity, and androgen administration increases visceral fat.
Osteoporosis is about five times more common in postmenopausal women than in age-matched men, and osteoporotic hip fractures are a major cause of morbidity in elderly women. Men accumulate more bone mass and lose bone more slowly than do women. Sex differences in bone mass are found as early as infancy. Calcium intake, vitamin D, and estrogen all play important roles in bone formation and bone loss.
Depression, anxiety, and effective and eating disorders (bulimia and anorexia nervosa) are more common in women
than in men. Depression occurs in 10% of women during pregnancy and in 10-15% of women during the postpartum period. Schizophrenia and bipolar disorders occur at equal rates in men and women, although there may be sex differences in symptoms.
During sleep, women have an increased amount of slow wave activity, differences in timing of delta activity, and an increase in the number of sleep spindles .Testosterone modulates neural control of breathing and upper airway mechanics. Men have a higher prevalence of sleep apnea.