Almost every country has four season i.e. spring, summer, rainy and winter. Some diseases tends to get more in a season than other such as diarrhea occurs more in summer and monsoon. Health problems like cold, asthma, body pains gets triggered by winter. Here are the diseases that you should not take lightly in winters.
Cold, cough and fever
The virus spread through air. During winters immune system may get slower than usual hence chances of catching virus increases. Sore throat, sinusitis and tonsillitis are also caused by viruses.
Symptoms include running noses, sneezing, coughing, sore throat, nasal congestion and even headache. Usually, it subsides within a few days and doesn’t require any serious medical attention. Every fever doesn’t need treatment. Click here, to know why.
Most of the respiratory diseases such as Asthma, Bronchitis, Pneumonia get worse during winter. Winter come with more of allergens, which is the main causative agent for asthma.
Most of us recognise that cold sores are a sign that we’re run down or under stress. While there’s no cure for cold sores, you can reduce the chances of getting one by looking after yourself through winter.
Dry skin is a common condition that everybody complains in winter due to environmental humidity is low. Moisturising is essential during winter. The best time to apply moisturiser is after a bath or shower while your skin is still moist, and again at bedtime.
Hypothermia and frostbite
Hypothermia and frostbite both are caused by extreme exposure to cold temperature, wind. Hypothermia affects the whole body while frostbite affects the particular parts of a body. Before going outside in winters, dress appropriately and avoid staying in the cold too long.
As winter starts, more patient of joint pains start coming over clinics for treatment. In most person, joints become more painful and stiff in winter.
Daily exercise can boost a person’s mental and physical state.
Chilblains are the painful inflammation of small blood vessels in your skin that occur in response to repeated exposure to cold but not freezing air.
Tips to prevent yourself from winter diseases.
- Wear socks and mittens to keep your foot and hands warm
- Always cover your ear by a scarf or hat or cap
- Drink plenty of warm fluids or warm water but avoid caffeine and alcohol.
- Bundle up in several layers of loose clothing
- Use warm water for bathing.
- While sleeping, always keep yourself warm.
- Eat more foods that keep you warm.