Eye pain is also known as ophthalmalgia. Eye pain can be accompanied by scratching, burning or itching when it is on the surface. This pain is caused by irritation from a foreign object, infection or trauma. Eye pain that occurs deeper in the eye may feel aching, throbbing, gritty, stabbing. This kind of eye pain may require serious treatment.
Causes of eye pain
The most common reason of eye pain is honestly having something in your eye. Whether it’s an eyelash, a piece of dirt, or makeup, even excess of speedy air can cause irritation, redness, watery eyes, and pain.
The conjunctiva lines the front of the eye and the underside of the eyelid. Pain is usually mild during conjunctivitis, or there is no pain at all. Itching, redness, and drainage are rather the typical symptoms and signs associated with conjunctivitis.
Blepharitis occurs when oil glands on the eyelid’s edge become infected or inflamed. This can cause pain.
The cornea is the transparent surface of the eye. Abrasions can occur from scratches to the cornea, such as from trauma, a foreign body in the eye and even from overuse of contact lenses sometimes.
The sty is due to a blocked oil gland within the eyelid. This causes irritation to the eye and most of the time very painful to the touch.
Chemical burns and flash burns can cause eye pain. Chemical burns come from eye exposure to acid or alkaline substances, such as household cleaners or bleach. Flash burns occur when improper eye protection is worn during working under intense light sources, such as arc welding or the ultraviolet rays of tanning booths.
Optic neuritis is an inflammation of the optic nerve. The cause of inflammation of optic nerve can be multiple sclerosis, viral infections, or bacterial infections and can cause symptoms such as pressure behind the eye along with vision changes and eye pain.
This is an inflammation of the iris causes one to feel deep eye pain, usually accompanied by blurred vision and light sensitivity.
Typically acute angle-closure glaucoma can cause orbital pain. Glaucoma is caused by a rise in intraocular pressure, or internal eye pressure, which can eventually lead to defects in vision and even blindness if left untreated.
It is a bacterial or viral infection of the sinuses, can cause a sensation of orbital or eye socket pain. Pain getting from the sinus cavities can be interpreted as eye pain. It also includes a headache or a sensation of something crawling in the head. It may also cause stringy eye discharge.
Sometimes, tooth pain and migraine can also cause eye pain.
If someone has eye pain, always seek advice from a health care provider or an ophthalmologist rather than putting any kind of drops in your eye.