Migraine is the second most common cause of headache. It affects approximately 15% of women and 6% of men over a year period. Migraines often run in families and affect all ages.
It is usually an episodic headache associated with certain features such as sensitivity to light, sound, or
movement; nausea and vomiting often accompany the headache. multiple symptoms. It’s frequently characterized by intense, debilitating headaches and can often be recognized by its activators, referred to as triggers. How can you differentiate migraine from other head pain?
Migraine headache can be with aura or without aura.
Migraine pain can be throbbing, pulsating, pounding, perforating and sometimes dull as well. It’s usually on one side of the head, but it can occur on both sides, or shift.
Migraine symptoms can be divided into three stages: Prodrome stage, aura stage, attack stage.
Prodrome symptoms can start a day before actual headache starts. These symptoms include food craving, depression, hyperactivity, irritability, neck stiffness.
Following that, in migraine with aura, comes the aura stage. In this stage, you may have problems with your sensation, movement, vision and speech with headache. In migraine without aura, migraine occurs without the specific warning signs.
After the attack phase comes. During this phase, there are usually changes in mood and feelings. These can range from feeling euphoric and extremely happy, to feeling very fatigued and apathetic. A mild, dull headache may persist.
The exact cause of migraines is unknown. Genetics may make someone more sensitive to the triggers that can cause migraines.Some people may have migraine associated with certain triggers, coffee, menses, stress, certain strong odour food and drinks, dehydration.
The diagnosis of migraine headaches is determined based on clinical history, reported symptoms, and by ruling out other causes.
How to prevent migraine?
If you suspect a specific trigger is causing your migraines, such as stress or a certain type of food, avoiding this trigger may help reduce your risk of experiencing migraines.
It may also help to maintain a generally healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, sleep and meals, as well as ensuring you stay well hydrated and limiting your intake of caffeine and alcohol.
Calm yourself and follow this.
- Resting with your eyes closed in a quiet, darkened room.
- Placing a cool cloth or ice pack on your forehead.
- Try to get sound sleep.
- Eat wisely and don’t skip meals.
- Exercise regularly.
- Manage stress, relax and enjoy yourself.
- drinking plenty of water