Hypertension is merely another title for greater blood pressure and can be quite common nowadays. Over the long run, greater stress can lead to health problems, such as heart disease, stroke and death.
Blood pressure is determined by the quantity of blood flow is passing through blood vessels and the total amount of resistance that the blood by arteries fulfills while the heart is still pumping.
- Normal blood pressure is 120 over 80 mm of mercury (mmHg), but hypertension is considered when it is higher than 130 over 80 mmHg.
Symptoms of hypertension
Hypertension is generally a silent condition. Many people won’t experience any symptoms. It may take years
Symptoms of severe hypertension can include:
- chest pain
- visual changes
- blood in the urine
Typically, people do not require medication but in severe cases of hypertension, a patient requires immediate medical care.
When to see a doctor
- If your blood pressure is growing constantly.
- When you are confronting nosebleeds, blood in urine.
- Family history of heart disease.
Regularly monitoring your blood pressure is essential, as there will usually be no symptoms to make you aware of the condition.
Causes of hypertension
The reason for hypertension is frequently not known. However, causes of hypertension are broken up to two parts.
For many, there is no recognizable cause of elevated blood pressure. This type of elevated blood pressure, known as primary (essential) hypertension, will rise slowly over several decades.
Secondary hypertension frequently happens faster and may become more intense than primary hypertension. Several conditions that might result in secondary hypertension include kidney disorder, sleep apnea, and side effects of drugs, use of prohibited drugs, alcohol misuse.
- Age. The risk of high blood pressure increases as you age.
- Family history. High blood pressure tends to run in families.
- Being overweight. The more you weigh the more blood you require to supply oxygen and nutrients to your tissues. As the volume of blood circulated throughout your blood vessels increases, so does the pressure on your artery walls.
- Tobacco use. More cases of hypertension are seen in smokers than non-smokers.
- Eating too much salt (sodium) in your diet. Too much sodium in your diet can cause your body to retain fluid, which increases blood pressure.
- Too little potassium in your diet. Potassium helps balance the amount of sodium in your cells. If you don’t get adequate potassium in your diet or retain enough potassium, you may store too much sodium in your blood.
- Drinking too much alcohol. Over time, heavy drinking can damage your heart.
- Pregnancy. Contributes to high blood pressure sometimes.
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to:
- Heart attack or stroke. High blood pressure can cause solidification and thickening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), which can lead to a heart attack, stroke or other complications.
- Heart failure. To pump blood against the greater pressure in your vessels, your heart muscle thickens. Ultimately, the thickened muscle may have a tough time pumping enough blood to meet your body’s needs, which can lead to heart failure.
- Aneurysm. Raised blood pressure can cause your blood vessels to reduce and bulge, forming an aneurysm.
- Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in your kidneys. This can prevent these organs from functioning normally.
- Thickened, narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes. This can result in vision loss.
- Metabolic syndrome. Here syndrome is a group of disorders of your body’s metabolism, including expanded waist circumference; high triglycerides; low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, the “good” cholesterol; high blood pressure; plus high insulin levels. These situations make you more likely to develop diabetes, heart disease and stroke.
- The trouble with memory or understanding. Uncontrolled high blood pressure may also affect your capability to think, remember and learn. The problem with retention or understanding concepts is more common in people with high blood pressure.