Everyone gets scared at some time of their life, and it’s totally natural to get scared, especially when faced with objects or situations that you think harmful to yourself or maybe sometimes you are not comfortable with. In fact, healthy fear responses can allow you to make decisions that will keep you safe.
In some cases, your fear may turn out of proportion to the perceived danger, making your reaction to that danger overwhelming and irrational . When this is the case, you are likely have a phobia.
Most common types of phobias
There are more than thousands of phobias in the world. Some are very normal while some can be weird phobias. But the most common phobias are listed below.
Yes, most of the people are afraid of snakes, lizards, etc. But some person has an extreme fear of even small and harmless animals like rats, insects and dogs.
Natural environment phobias
These include fear of heights, storms, water.
Acrophobia is an intense or e absurde absurd fear or phobia of heights, especially when one is not particularly high up.
These include a fear of particular situations, such as riding, in a car or on public transportation, flying, driving, going over bridges or in tunnels, or of being in a closed-in place, like an elevator.
Agoraphobia: Fear of open spaces. People with agoraphobia fear to be in massive crowds or trapped outside the house. They often avoid social situations completely and stay inside their own property.
Claustrophobia: Fear of closed space. These people start panicking in the elevator, small rooms.
Also known as social anxiety disorder. Symptoms typically emerge during early adolescence but can develop in younger children, as well. A social phobia can be so intense that the most straightforwad and easiest interactions, such as ordering in a restaurant or even answering the telephone, can cause panic.
Some people even have a weird phobia of foreigners called as Xenophobia. This is dislike of or prejudice against people from other countries.
A strange and common phobia of holes also occur in many people. These people have phobia that something may come our of hole, known as Tryophobia. Kendall jenner, the famous star also suffering from phobia with holes. Many other celebs also suffer from many phobia. To know there strange phobias, Read this article on Strange phobias of famous celebrities.
Causes of Phobias
A lot of research has been done to try to answer this question, but we still don’t know for sure. Phobias are most seems to be associated with a traumatic experience or a learned reaction.
Under normal circumstances, fear triggers a natural fight-or-flight response which make it possible for animals and humans to react quickly to threats in their environment. Irrational and excessive fear, however, is generally a maladaptive reaction. In humans, an unwarranted, persistent fear of a particular situation or object, known as the particular phobia, can cause overwhelming distress and interfere with daily life. Anxiety, depression and fear can be inherited as well.
Signs and symptoms of phobias
When people with specific phobias experience their feared situation or object, they may experience panic attacks or complain of symptoms of the flight-or-fight response.
- Trembling or shaking
- Heart palpitations
- Feeling intense need to escape
- Shortness of breath
- Feeling dizzy or light-headed
- Fear of losing control or going crazy
The most important is to find the cause (incident, situation, genetic) and then calmly explain to the patient that his fear is not good. Slowly start the exposure to things or exposure to things to make him normal.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) concentrates on changing such negative thoughts and dysfunctional beliefs in order to change the reaction to the phobic stimulus.
Medication helps in some cases as well.
There have been made many movies on phobia so that people come to know there phobia is not that strange and they lead a normal and happy life. Some of them are
- Gravity on Agoraphobia
- The Walk on Acrophobia
- Alien on Claustrophobia