Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease which can be life threatening. Malaria is common in tropical and subtropical countries. Malaria is caused by Plasmodium which can be of four type i.e. plasmodium ovale, malariae, flaciparum, vivax and transferred by Anopheles mosquito.
Symptoms depend on which plasmodium has infected you. Once an infected mosquito bites a human, plasmodium enter the blood and goes to liver. The parasites multiply in the host’s liver and then infect and destroy red blood cells.
Symptoms of Malaria Fever
Symptoms usually appear 10–15 days after the infective mosquito bite. A malaria infection is generally characterized by the following signs and symptoms:
It starts with fever, headache, and chills and then followed by sweating. Fever may come on every third day or fourth day depending upon species you are infected with. If not treated within 24 hours, P. falciparum malaria can progress to severe illness, often leading to death.
Others symptoms can be:
- Muscle pain and fatigue
- Nausea and vomiting
- Chest or abdominal pain
- seizures sometimes
Malaria can be fatal, particularly malaria caused by the variety of parasite especially plasmodium falcifarum.
In most cases, malaria deaths are related to one or more serious complications, including:
- Cerebral malaria. If parasite-filled blood cells block small blood vessels to your brain (cerebral malaria), swelling of your brain or brain damage may occur. Cerebral malaria may cause seizures and coma.
- Breathing problems. Accumulated fluid in your lungs (pulmonary edema) can make it difficult to breathe.
- Organ failure. Malaria can cause your kidneys or liver to fail, or your spleen to rupture. Any of these conditions can be life-threatening.
- Anemia. Malaria damages red blood cells, which can result in anemia.
- Low blood sugar. Severe forms of malaria itself can cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), as can quinine — one of the most common medications used to combat malaria. Very low blood sugar can result in coma or death.