Generic name: Prednisone
Common Brand name: Rayos, Deltasone.
Prednisone is a corticosteroids which decreases your immune system’s response to various diseases to reduce symptoms such as inflammation and allergic-type reactions. Prednisone is used to treat conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, blood disorders, breathing problems (asthma), multiple sclerosis, psoriasis, severe allergies, skin diseases, cancer, eye problems, and immune system disorders.
Prednisone isn’t suitable for some people.
- who are trying to get pregnant, are already pregnant or you are breastfeeding as it can also affect the unborn baby.
- have had an allergic reaction to prednisone or any other medicine.
- who are sensitive to infections or allergies.
What are the common side effects of perdnisone?
Everyone know that steriods are known for their side effects and you should limit use of steroid.
- Mild nausea or stomach pain
- Bruising or discoloration of the skin
- Dry or thinning skin
- Weight gain and increased appetite
- Changes in the shape or location of body fat, especially in the arms, legs, face, neck, breasts, or waist
- Increased sweating
- Mild mood changes
- body hair growth
- Sleep problems
- Slow wound healing
- Mild dizziness
- Menstrual period changes
- reduction in bone density
What are the Serious Side Effects of Prednisone?
Prednisone can also cause some serious side effects. Tell your doctor right away if you experience any of the following serious side effects:
- Shortness of breath
- Fast, irregular, or pounding heartbeat
- Swelling or rapid weight gain
- Unusual thoughts or behavior
- Coughing up blood
- Bloody or tarry stools
- Vision problems
- Signs of hypokalemia (low potassium) – confusion, uneven heart rate, extreme thirst, increased urination.
- Signs of dangerously high blood pressure (hypertension)- severe headache, blurred vision, anxiety, buzzing in the ears.
- Severe allergic reactions
- High blood sugar- increased thirst, passing urine
How to reduce side effects of Prednisone?
Prednisone has been proven to be effective in reducing inflammation, and patients who choose to take it should be aware of a few ways to combat the side effects.
Prevent Bone Density Loss
To reduce the loss in bone density and hence the risk of osteoporosis and fractures, you should maintain a healthy diet with lot of calcium throughout the course of prednisone treatment. Ask your doctor regarding the type and amount of calcium that’s needed every day to combat bone loss.
Avoid Weight Gain
Reducing salt intake can prevent side effects associated with fluid retention, including the effects of facial mooning. Watching fat and calorie intake can help to prevent weight gain associated with steroids. Having a consultation with a nutritionist will be helpful in planning a diet to follow while taking prednisone.
Feeling happy can be a great side effect some people feel with prednisone.
- Take medication by mouth, with food or milk to prevent stomach upset, as directed by your doctor.
- Take prednisolone once a day in the morning so it doesn’t keep you awake whole night.