Anyone can suffer from depression. Most of the people suffer from depression at least once in their lifetime. And more than half of them don’t even know that they are suffering from depression, and half of them are not able to speak about that.
Depression can occur at any age, both male and female. It can occur during school, at job, at home, postpartum depression. Whether you’re a college student in the middle of a major slump, a new mom who can’t pinpoint why she’s feeling so glum, or a retiree grieving over the loss of a loved one, that question isn’t an easy one to answer.
Depression isn’t a weakness or physical symptom and sometimes you can’t simply “snap out” of it. Most people with depression feel better with medication, psychotherapy or both.
Signs and Symptoms of Depression
It is not easy to say that you or your loved one is suffering from depression. It’s important to remember that we all experience some of these symptoms in moment of our life, and that doesn’t mean you’re depressed. Equally, not everyone who is experiencing depression will have all of these symptoms.
Changes in behaviour
- Loss of interest or pleasure in most or all normal activities, such as sex, hobbies or sports
- Not going out anymore
- Not getting done daily work like household work, school or office work
- Angry outbursts, irritability or frustration, even over small matters
- Unexplained weeping at small matters
- Unable to concentrate, making decisions and remembering things
Changes in feeling
- Feelings of sadness, tearfulness, emptiness or hopelessness
- Unusual Anxiety, agitation or restlessness
- Feelings of worthlessness or guilt, fixating on past failures or self-blame
- frequent suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts
- Change in thoughts like “i am nothing”, “i am worthless”, ‘People would be better off without me.’
- Tiredness all the time
- Lack of energy, so even small tasks take extra effort
- Reduced appetite and weight loss
- Increased cravings for food and weight gain
- Sleep disturbances, including insomnia or sleeping too much
- Unexplained back pain or headaches
- churning gut
There’s no sure way to prevent depression as there is no known cause of depression. However, these strategies can help.
- Take steps to control stress, to increase your resilience and boost your self-esteem.
- Reach out to family and friends, especially in times of crisis, to help you weather rough spells.
- Get treatment at the earliest sign of a problem to help prevent depression from worsening.
- Consider getting long-term maintenance treatment to help prevent a relapse of symptoms.