Generic Name: tramadol (TRAM a dol)
Brand Names: ConZip, Ultram, Ryzolt, Rybix
What is tramadol or what is it used for? Tramadol is a synthetic opioid analgesic medicine. Tramadol is used to treat moderate to severe pain, such as caused by osteoarthritis. It binds with opioid receptors and decreases the body’s ability to feel pain. It is Works the same way as morphine but is about one-tenth as potent. So, it has somewhat less side effects than of morphine.
How much safe is Tramadol? Side effect of Tramadol
Tramadol is a controlled substance in U.S. states
The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) placed tramadol into schedule IV of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) effective August 18, 2014.
Tramadol is not recommended for everyone.
Tramadol can cause greater risk to children under 18 years of age like drug-induced breathing problems and death compared to adults. It is also not recommended for breastfeeding mothers, as the drug can be passed on through breast milk, possibly causing harm to infants. Because the safety of Tramadol use during pregnancy has not been established, the medication should not be used during pregnancy.
Some important warning are given before use of tramadol
Tramadol may be habit forming, especially with prolonged use. Take tramadol exactly as directed. Do not take more of it, take it more often, or take it in a different way than directed by your doctor. However, it’s especially critical that you are informed about the drug before you use it. It is important to swallow tramadol pills whole and especially important not to split, chew, or crush extended-release tablets. Breaking the pill may cause too much of the drug to be released into your system at one time.
Tramadol side Effects Can Be Serious
Tramadol is usually well-tolerated when taken properly, and side effects are usually temporary.
Common side effects may include:
Less common side effects include:
- Dry Mouth
Serious side effects include:
- Serotonin syndrome, characterized by symptoms such as muscle rigidity, confusion, and rapid heart rate
- Slowed breathing
- Life-threatening allergic or skin reactions
- Angioedema (fluid swelling under the skin)
- Orthostatic hypotension (low blood pressure when you stand up)
- Suicidal thoughts or actions
Tramadol can harm more when taken with other medication.
Tramadol interacts with many other medications, which can lead to life-threatening interactions including breathing problems, sedation, and coma. Of special concern are interactions with benzodiazepines, such as Ativan (lorazepam) and Klonopin (clonazepam), and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), such as Nardil (phenelzine) and Parnate (tranylcypromine).
If taken with recreational or controlled substances, like alcohol, narcotics, anesthetics, tranquilizers, and sedatives, tramadol can affect breathing—even causing breathing to stop.