AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a syndrome caused by a virus called HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) but having HIV doesn’t necessarily mean that someone will develop AIDS.
AIDS does not cause any specific disease itself instead it decreases the body immunity and hence, many other serious diseases affects the person.
It takes time and sometimes years to develop AIDS in a HIV Positive person.
Cases of HIV progress through three stages:
- stage 1: acute stage, the first few weeks after transmission
- stage 2: clinical latency, or chronic stage
- stage 3: AIDS
How is HIV transmitted?
Sexual transmission — This can happen while having sex without a condom, including vaginal, oral, and anal sex, or sharing sex toys with someone who is HIV-positive.
Perinatal transmission — A mother can transmit HIV to her child during pregnancy, childbirth, and also through breastfeeding.
Blood transmission — People who inject drugs, sharing and reusing syringes contaminated with HIV-infected blood is extremely hazardous.
HIV does NOT spread through:
- skin-to-skin contact,hugging, shaking hands, or kissing
- sharing food or drinks, including drinking fountains
- saliva, tears, or sweat
- sharing a toilet, towels, or bedding
Symptoms of HIV
People with HIV don’t usually have symptoms immediately after HIV virus enters the someone’s body, so he may not know he have it. People usually look and feel totally healthy for a long time after they’re infected. It can take 10 years or more for HIV to show any symptoms.
Early symptoms of HIV infection
The first 2-4 weeks after being infected with HIV, you may feel symptoms same as you feel in other viral infections.
The symptoms of early HIV infection may include:
- sweats (particularly at night)
- joint pain and muscle aches
- sore throat
- enlarged glands
- a red rash on body
- tiredness and fatigue
- weight loss
During this time virus are proliferating, hence, there’s a lot of the virus in your system, so it’s really easy to spread HIV to other people.
Late symptoms of HIV infection/ AIDS
If left untreated, HIV weakens the immune system which makes you less able to fight infection. The person becomes vulnerable to serious illnesses. This stage is known as stage 3 HIV or AIDS.
Symptoms may include:
- blurred vision
- diarrhea, which is usually persistent or chronic
- dry cough
- long lasting fever of above 100 °F (37 °C)
- night sweats
- permanent fatigue
- swollen glands lasting for weeks
- unintentional weight loss
- Rashes on skin like molluscum contagiosum, herpes simplex, shingles.
- Other diseases may occur frequently.
Women may have some additional symptoms like
- recurrent vaginal yeast infections
- pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
- menstrual cycle changes
- genital warts
Same like women, Men can have some symptoms as well such as
- Ulcers on the penis.
- Erectile dysfunction
What are the treatments given to A HIV Positive person?
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the use of HIV medicines to treat HIV infection. ART can’t cure HIV, but ART can help people with HIV live longer, healthier lives. This slow the progression of the virus in your body. ART should be given as soon as possible after detecting HIV Positive person. A 4th generation HIV tests(antigen/antibody) will detect 95% of infections four weeks after exposure.
As homoeopathy deals with immunity it can actually help in making immunity strong in HIV Positive people and hence, help them in living healthy life.
HIV medication (ART) side effects
Side effects from HIV medicines can vary depending on the person taking the medicine.
Side effects can be as normal as headaches or occasional dizziness, diarrhea, vomiting.While other side effects, such as swelling of the throat and tongue or liver damage, can be life-threatening.