High blood pressure or hypertension occurs when your blood pressure goes up beyond normal limits. The normal limit of blood may vary by age and sex. Generally, Normal diastolic blood pressure should be between 80-90 mmHg and systolic should be in between 140-80 mmHg. What is considered high blood pressure? When your blood pressure is more than 140/90 it is considered as high blood pressure.
High blood pressure or hypertension is quite common. Hypertension is mostly a gradual disease rather than a sudden condition. It takes time to develop except in some cases such as in pregnancy. And most of the people do not even notice the symptom until they get this checked. But high blood pressure can affect your heart, eyes and kidneys, even without any symptoms.
Headache, shortness of breath, nosebleed, dizziness and flushing can be the symptoms of high blood pressure.
Causes of hypertension
In most cases. There is no specific cause of hypertension or high blood pressure. Risk factors that may trigger hypertension are:
- Dietary factors like sodium rich diet. Food that helps to maintain your blood pressure
- Older age
- Alcohol and tobacco consumption
- Drugs like oral contraceptives, steroids, NSAIDs, cyclosporin
- Weight gain
- Men are prone to hypertension than women
- Endocrinal diseases such as cushing’s syndrome, hyperthyroidism, acromegaly
- Renal disease like pyelonephritis, poly cystic kidney disease
- Heart diseases like coarctation of aorta
- High cholesterol level
- Lack of physical activity
- Family history of high blood pressure
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Blacks are prone to hypertension more than whites.
These are some factors for high blood pressure. Normally, high blood pressure other common diseases like thyroid problems and diabetes are inter-related.
Hypertension can be treated by proper treatment, I would say constitutional homeopathic treatment is the best. Because it does not have side effect hence, will not cause further diseases like “statins” do. High blood pressure can also be managed by proper exercise and maintaining diet.