What is Dementia?

dementia

The word Dementia is generally believed to be a set of symptoms that not just include memory loss and difficulties related to thinking, but even problem solving and language. These are changes that are not just small enough to begin with, but for someone with dementia they have actually turned out to become severe enough in order to affect the daily life. A person with dementia might also turn out to experience changes in their mood and behavior.

Dementia is generally caused when the brain is damaged by some diseases like Alzheimer’s disease or a series of strokes. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia but is not only the one. The specific kind of symptoms that the individuals with dementia turn out to experience, actually depend on the brain that is damaged along with the disease that is causing dementia.

What are the most common symptoms of Dementia?Dementia symptoms

Dementia has symptoms that generally turn out to vary depending on the cause, but the most common signs and symptoms include the following:

  • Confusion and Disorientation
  • Difficulty having coordination and motor functions
  • Difficulty in terms of planning and organizing
  • Memory loss that is usually noticed by someone else and not the individual.
  • Difficulty in communicating and finding the right words
  • Difficulty in reasoning and problem solving
  • Difficulty in handling complex tasks.

The psychological changes that one individual goes through in terms of Dementia are the following:

  • Personality changes
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Hallucinations
  • Agitation
  • Paranoia
  • Inappropriate behaviour

What are the causes of Dementia?

Dementia involves the damage of the nerve cells in the brain and turns out to occur in several parts of the brain. It affects people in a much more different manner depending on the area of the brain where it is actually affected. It is often grouped by whatever they have in common, such as which part of the brain is affected or are, they worsen over the time. In fact, most of the individuals get affected due to the medications and the vitamin decencies improving the treatment.

Alzheimer’s disease

This is the most common cause of dementia. In an Alzheimer’s disease, there is an abnormal protein surrounded brain cells, and another person damaging the internal structure. Within the time the chemical connections between the brain cells are lost and they begin to die. The problems with the day to day memory is what is noticed first, and the other symptoms include difficulties in finding the right word, solving problems and making the right decisions.

Vascular dementia

 If the oxygen supply to the brain is reduced due to the narrowing or blockage of the blood vessels, some brain cells turn out to damage and die. This is what actually turns out to happen in vascular dementia. The symptoms here can turn out to occur in just one stroke or can be developed within a series of time just because of small strokes. Vascular dementia can be caused by the diseases that are affected by the smaller blood vessels and deep in the brain known as subcortical vascular dementia. The symptoms related to the vascular dementia may vary and overlap when compared to the ones related to the Alzheimer’s disease. Most individuals even today turn out to have difficulties with problem solving or planning, thinking quickly and concentrating.

Mixed Dementia

This is when someone has more than one major type of dementia, along with a mixture of symptoms of all those types. This is something that is common for the ones who have both Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia together.

How do you treat Dementia?

The treatment for dementia actually depends on the cause. In most of the cases of dementia including Alzheimer’s disease there is no cure and treatment that slows down or stops its progression. Also, there are drug treatments that may temporarily improve all symptoms. The same medications can be used to treat Alzheimer’s along with the different kinds of dementia.

Homeopathy works great for dementia and any mental disorientation.

 

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