Life expectancy is the average period that a person may expect to live. Studies show that women have 3.7 years longer life expectancy than men. In fact, 57% of all those ages 65 and older are female. By age 85, 67% are women.
Everyone knows that women experience more stress, violence, depression, anxiety and chronic diseases than men. In many countries, they don’t have the same rights as men. Still, women manage to live longer than men.
Here are the reasons why women live longer than men despite being so depressed, lower social rank and worse health?
Women have biological advantages that help them to live longer. Women and men have some different hormone i.e. estrogen and testosterone respectively.
Estrogen lowers the “bad” cholesterol i.e. low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ( LDL) and increases “good” cholesterol i.e. high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), which reduces cardiovascular risk. While testosterone does the opposite, it increases bad cholesterol and decreases good cholesterol in the blood. This puts men at greater risk of hypertension, heart disease and stroke. Heart disease starts 10 years earlier in men than women.
Women have more chronic diseases than men. Men and women have different types of chronic disease. Chronic conditions that women face are less fatal than the conditions men face. For example, Men suffer more from cardiovascular disease while women suffer from arthritis.
Women are more health aware.
Women are generally more conscious about health and looks. They also have awareness about physical and mental health. Women are more into healthy food and fitness, so that they look fit, healthy, beautiful and sexy. These all results in healthier lifestyle.
Men are always busy with their work and ignore their symptoms that means delayed initiation of treatment of any kind.
Men are involved in more riskier activities.
Men commit more crime than women nearly in every crime category, hence their life is in more risk. Testosterone puts men at risk biologically, but it also puts men at risk behaviorally. This is a well known fact that Women systematically overestimate risk of any type, while men consistently underestimate it. That is why males violate more rules than females. Among drivers, men more commonly break the rules. Men far outnumber women in some of the riskiest occupations, including military combat, firefighting, and working at construction sites.
Men are likely more to die by suicide than women do in almost every country. Yes, women try to commit suicide more but they use methods like poison, jumping off a roof but men uses more lethal method like firearms, knife. Also,Women can communicate more about their stress, anxiety ,depression. While men can’t do that easily. Such a tendency to avoid mental health care may also lead to more suicide cases.
There is almost no lifestyle gap in women and men. Now it is acceptable for women to drink and smoke. But, still men are 2.2 times more likely to abuse drugs than women. Men also drive under the influence of drugs and alcohol more frequently than women. Also, Men with drug use problems seek care later than women do. That is why lung cancer, is the most common cancer cases ans is mostly seen in men.
Gender differences are rules rather than exceptions. While in many factors, women do worse than men, in the case of life expectancy, men do worse. These are mainly due to a wide range of social, psychological and behavioral factors such as sensation-seeking, risk-taking traits, stigma, masculinity, worse health care use, and a tendency for externalizing behavior. Males require more self-control and incentives to seek and use professional care. They should start socializing more than they do.